By 6th grade, a child’s mind begins to think more analytically. Middle school students are less interested in finding out facts than in asking “Why?”
The second phase of the classical education, the “Logic Stage”, is a time when the child begins to pay attention to cause and effect, to the relationships between different fields of knowledge and relate to the way facts fit together into a logical framework.
A student is ready for the Logic Stage when the capacity for abstract thought begins to mature. During these years, the student begins algebra and the study of logic, and begins to apply logic to all academic subjects. The logic of writing, for example, includes paragraph construction and learning to support a thesis; the logic of reading involves the criticism and analysis of texts, not simply absorption of facts; the logic of history demands that the student find out why the War of 1812 was fought, rather than simply reading its story; the logic of science requires that the child learn the scientific method.